Water supply systems usually need high pressures so as to pump water to longer distances. Similarly, cyclical water systems where water moves in a loop experience instances where the pressure in the system falls below a certain minimum value. In such a scenario, it will be necessary to install a supplementary mechanism called the booster pump system. Listed here are the various scenarios that need incorporation of booster pumping mechanisms.
Pumping Water over Long Distances
A water supply system normally consists of water traveling along pipes and through gates and valves. The pipes along which the water flows contain friction which tends to act in opposing the water flow. The amount of frictional force experienced directional to the length of the system piping. The implication is that there’s a significant reduction in the pressure of the water. It is, therefore, necessary to have the pressure boosted to deliver the water to the required destinations. This is accomplished by installing booster pumps at certain points in the system.
Pumping Form Deep Wells
Sometimes it is necessary to pump water from wells that are very deep. This is especially the case where the wells are dug in relatively dry and semi-arid areas where the water levels are usually very low. The system installed over such a well will require very high pressure to draw water against gravity. As such, the system must be equipped with the appropriate booster pumps since a single pump may not be adequate in carrying out the task.
Systems That Have Fluctuating Demands
Municipal water supply systems have to deal with varying demands for water from their clients. This is because people utilize different amounts of water at various times in the course of the day. This gives rise to peak demand hours as well as off-peak hours where the demand peaks. The supplying company would go at a loss if they attempted to base the system design on peak consumption rates. The best approach to ensure optimum operation would be to install a system that can comfortably handle off-peak supply, then have a system of booster pumps to take care of the peak hours. This ensures that the systems appropriately handles the varying loads based on the demand.
Human Waste Disposal Systems
Municipal sewage waste also has varying degrees of viscosity. The higher the viscosity, the higher the pressure required to drive the waste so as to avoid clogging of the system. The system will therefore need to be designed with the normal flow in mind, then a separate booster pump system put on standby for those instances when the flow will be extra thick.